Vocabulary for IELTS: Words, Meanings and Examples

Are you looking to improve your vocabulary for the IELTS exam? Look no further! Our comprehensive guide provides you with the essential words, meanings, and examples to help you succeed. In the IELTS exam, having a wide range of vocabulary is crucial for discussing various topics effectively.

We’ve compiled a list of the latest and most popular topics in the IELTS exam, providing you with topic-wise vocabulary words. Each word comes with its meaning and an example of usage for better understanding.


  • Innovative (adj.) – Featuring new methods; advanced and original.
    • Example: “The company’s latest advertising campaign is highly innovative and captures attention.”
  • Persuasive (adj.) – Good at persuading someone to do or believe something.
    • Example: “The advertisement was so persuasive that I immediately decided to buy the product.”


  • Entrepreneur (n.) – A person who sets up a business, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit.
    • Example: “Many entrepreneurs are investing in the technology sector nowadays.”
  • Negotiate (v.) – Try to reach an agreement or compromise by discussion with others.
    • Example: “During the meeting, the team had to negotiate with the suppliers to ensure delivery timelines matched the project’s tight schedule.


  • Heritage (n.) – Property that is or may be inherited; an inheritance.
    • Example: “The ancient ruins are part of our national heritage and must be preserved.”
  • Traditions (n.) – The transmission of customs or beliefs from generation to generation.
    • Example: “Local traditions play a significant role in our community’s identity.”


  • Sustainability (n.) – Avoidance of the depletion of natural resources to maintain ecological balance.
    • Example: “Sustainability is key to ensuring future generations can enjoy our planet.”
  • Ecosystem (n.) – A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
    • Example: “Protecting the ecosystem is essential for biodiversity.”


  • Trendsetter (n.) – A person who leads the way in fashion or ideas.
    • Example: “The fashion blogger is known as a trendsetter, always wearing the latest styles before anyone else.”
  • Haute couture (n.) – Expensive, fashionable clothes produced by leading fashion houses.
    • Example: “The runway was filled with the latest haute couture from renowned designers.”


  • Charismatic (adj.) – Exercising a compelling charm that inspires devotion in others.
    • Example: “The leader’s charismatic personality has garnered him a lot of followers.”
  • Empathetic (adj.) – Showing an ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
    • Example: “Being empathetic towards your friends will strengthen your relationships.”


  • Pandemic (n.) – An outbreak of a pandemic disease.
    • Example: “The Covid-19 pandemic has affected millions of lives around the globe.”
  • Quarantine (n.) – A state, period, or place of isolation in which people or animals that have arrived from elsewhere or been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed.
    • Example: “During the pandemic, many were placed in quarantine to prevent the spread of the virus.”


  • Curriculum (n.) – The subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college.
    • Example: “The new curriculum includes more subjects on environmental studies.”
  • Pedagogy (n.) – The method and practice of teaching, especially as an academic subject or theoretical concept.
    • Example: “Effective pedagogy is essential for engaging students in the learning process.”


  • Itinerary (n.) – A planned route or journey.
    • Example: “Our travel itinerary includes visits to several historical sites.”
  • Expedition (n.) – A journey undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, research, or war.
    • Example: “The expedition to the South Pole was a remarkable achievement.”


  • Gastronomy (n.) – The practice of cooking and eating good food.
    • Example: “The city is known for its vibrant gastronomy and diverse culinary scene.”
  • Organic (adj.) – Relating to or derived from living matter.
    • Example: “Organic foods have become increasingly popular due to health and environmental concerns.”


  • Innovate (v.) – To introduce something new, especially a new idea, method, or device.
    • Example: “Companies that innovate successfully can gain a significant competitive advantage.”
  • Cybersecurity (n.) – The state of being protected against the criminal or unauthorized use of electronic data, or the measures taken to achieve this.
    • Example: “With the rise of online transactions, the importance of cybersecurity cannot be overstated.”


  • Epidemiology (n.) – The branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health.
    • Example: “Epidemiology has become a key tool in managing public health across the globe.”
  • Wellness (n.) – The state of being in good health, especially as an actively pursued goal.
    • Example: “Wellness programs are increasingly popular in workplaces to promote employee health and productivity.”

Social Issues

  • Equity (n.) – The quality of being fair and impartial.
    • Example: “Equity in education is crucial for ensuring all students have access to the same learning opportunities.”
  • Sustainability (n.) – The ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level; avoidance of the depletion of natural resources to maintain ecological balance.
    • Example: “Sustainability initiatives focus on meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations.”


  • Interconnectedness (n.) – The state of having connections or relationships with other people or things.
    • Example: “Globalization has increased the interconnectedness of the world’s economies and cultures.”
  • Multinational (adj.) – Including or involving several countries or individuals of several nationalities.
    • Example: “Multinational corporations play a significant role in globalization, operating in multiple countries around the world.”

Leisure and Free Time

  • Recreation (n.) – Activity done for enjoyment when one is not working.
    • Example: “Public parks are essential for providing space for recreation and relaxation.”
  • Hobby (n.) – An activity done regularly in one’s leisure time for pleasure.
    • Example: “Painting is a hobby of mine that I find incredibly relaxing and fulfilling.”


  • Endurance (n.) – The ability to withstand hardship or adversity; especially the ability to sustain a prolonged stressful effort or activity.
    • Example: “Marathon runners require a great deal of endurance to complete a race.”
  • Competitive (adj.) – Relating to or characterized by competition.
    • Example: “Competitive sports can teach valuable lessons about teamwork and discipline.”

Crime and Punishment

  • Rehabilitation (n.) – The action of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness.
    • Example: “The rehabilitation program aims to reintegrate former inmates into society successfully.”
  • Forensics (n.) – Scientific tests or techniques used in connection with the detection of crime.
    • Example: “Forensics played a crucial role in solving the case, with DNA evidence leading to the arrest.”

Media and News

  • Censorship (n.) – The suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc. that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security.
    • Example: “Censorship of the press is a common issue in countries with restrictive governments.”
  • Viral (adj.) – (Of an image, video, piece of information, etc.) circulated rapidly and widely from one Internet user to another.
    • Example: “The video went viral overnight, amassing millions of views.”
For targeted vocabulary help with IELTS Task 1 Bar Graphs, check out AEHelp’s YouTube video. It’s a direct way to improve your descriptions and analyses.

By integrating these vocabulary words into your preparation and practice, you will enhance your ability to express nuanced thoughts on a variety of subjects, thereby potentially improving your IELTS score. Remember, understanding the context in which these words are used is as important as knowing their meanings.

Boost your IELTS score by expanding your vocabulary with AEHelp.com’s blog, “IELTS Vocabulary for High Scores.” This blog provides a list of essential English words, tailored for those aiming for top marks in their exam. Check it out at AEHelp’s IELTS Vocabulary for High Scores to enhance your word bank.

For further vocabulary enrichment, IDP IELTS’s guide on common vocabulary for IELTS topics is an invaluable resource. It offers insights into applying these words across different contexts, crucial for securing a higher band score. Explore this resource at IDP IELTS’s Common Vocabulary for IELTS Topics to prepare more effectively for the exam.

We’d love to hear from you! Share your IELTS preparation stories or any questions you have in the comments. Your experiences could really help others who are also getting ready for the IELTS.

Looking for more in-depth help? Check out AEHelp’s Premium IELTS Course at www.aehelp.com. We offer detailed study materials and expert advice to guide you through every part of the IELTS.

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