IELTS Task 1 Writing
You should spend about 20 minutes on the following task.
The graph below shows the literacy rates in India for several years. Report the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Overview (aka the introduction) = A. paraphrase the question with added details from the graph + B. give the most observable feature *which is not necessarily the most and least.
The provided bar chart gives information about the percentage of people who can read in India. The segments given are according to both gender and rural versus urban demographics. The data is given as percentages biannually for 2013, 2015, and 2017. Immediately, it is observable that the rate of literacy increases in all aspects every two years. Furthermore, the rates of literacy are generally higher in urban areas than rural areas, and also higher for males than females in their respective localities.
When looking at the rate of increase in these three years in more detail, it is interesting to note that improvements in literacy were more significant in rural areas than urban areas. Both men and women living in the countryside gained 20% or more in literacy from 2013 to 2017, while in the cities this was on average just half of that. Also, the increase in women’s literacy was significantly greater than that of males, by roughly 7% in both rural and urban areas.
Furthermore, men in urban areas were more literate in each year than in rural locations, although this gap gradually decreased from 22% in 2013 to just 11% in 2017. The same trend is visible between urban and rural women. In 2013, twice as many women could read in cities than the countryside at 64%, but by 2017, this number had shrunk to just 21%, as women in rural regions reached 58% literacy.
In summary, literacy improved in both genders and locations in India, and the greatest rate of improvement was among women living in the countryside from 2013 to 2017, while literacy in urban areas remained higher overall.
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