IELTS Task 1 Writing – Electricity Source

IELTS Task 1 Writing

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

The following charts show the percentage of electricity production by fuel source in France in two years. Report the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

​The two pie charts represent the rates of electricity generation by sources of fuel in the country of France in the years 1990 and 2010. 

​The percentage of fuel source (coal, oil, natural gas, hydropower, nuclear power), which has been used for electricity production for two years, in 1990 and 2010, in France, is given by these two pie charts.

STEP 1 – Read the question and look at the graph/chart carefully.

Write AT LEAST 150 words (Most band 7, 8, and 9 essays have around 220 words for this task)

STEP 2 – Start the Expository Essay (Introduction, Overview, Analyses, Summary) using third-person author’s voice by writing the Introduction.

Introduction = paraphrase of the question with more details. 

These two pie charts depict the percentage of electrical power production by five different fuel sources, coal, oil, natural gas, hydropower, and nuclear power in the country of France for 1990 and 2010.

Overview – the most obvious features of the chart WITHOUT going into details.

At first glance, it is evident that France had a fairly even distribution of various fuel types to generate electricity in 1990, especially coal, oil, and natural gas. However, two decades later there is a significant change and France has a much greater reliance on nuclear power to produce electricity. 

Analyses (identify five to six key points of comparison that reflect your Overview)

In 1990, natural gas and coal were equally dominant for producing electricity in France, each making up just over a quarter of the total. In close second place was oil at just under a quarter of the total, 22%. The remaining 23% of power was produced using nuclear energy and hydropower. Nevertheless, two decades later, reliance on nuclear power increased by nearly five-fold to two-thirds of France’s electrical power output. Conversely, natural gas drastically dropped to just 4% of the fuel source for electrical output. Coal and oil decreased to roughly half of their previous portions by 2020, at 13%. Lastly, hydropower only accounted for a small fraction of electricity production in both of these years. 

In summary, it can be seen that the amount of power production by four of five sources became less required for generating electricity in 2010, simultaneously reliance on nuclear power grew exponentially.

​Immediately, it can be seen that the amount of producing power by Hydro Power and other sources became less require for the production of electricity. At initial look, it is clear that the ratio of each source was fairly distributed in 1990, especially coal, oil and natural gas, however, after 20 years, there was a paradigm shift, which was all of the pieces reduced in portion.

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