Task 1 is an *Expository essay – you need to explain, expose and interpret the information that is given (Do NOT include your personal opinion, and do more than just simply describe what you see!)
There are four basic types of data reported in statistics/charts:
- Nominal data (name data)
- Ordinal data (1st, 2nd, 3rd…)
- Interval data
- Ratio data
IELTS Task 1 Writing
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart shows men and women proficient in a foreign language in several countries. Describe the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Introduction (paraphrase of the question with more details using the graph)
This bar chart illustrates the percentage of males and females whom are fluent in a foreign language in six countries, Thailand, Romania, China, Vietnam, Russia, and India. The y-axis indicates the percentages from zero to 70% with intervals of 7%.
Overview (Most observable features) Immediately, it is noticeable that a greater percentage of women speak a foreign language in all countries except for Thailand. As well, India and Romania have the highest total percentage of foreign language speakers.
Analyses (mark your points for comparison)
Looking at the data in greater detail, the biggest gap in foreign language ability between males and females is in Romania where roughly 20% more women speak a second or third language than men. In contrast, 5% more males in Thailand speak another language than women. Furthermore, the highest overall percentage of foreign language speakers are in India with 56% of men and 69% of women being able to speak in multiple languages. Following India and Romania, Vietnam has the third highest percentage of foreign language speakers at just over half of the population for females and over a third for males. In Russia, sightly less percent of men and women speak a foreign language as in Vietnam. Finally, the lowest percentage of foreign language speakers are in China.
In summary, there is a wide range in the percent of people speaking a foreign language depending on nationality, and women are generally more than men.