IELTS Writing Task 2 – Recycle – Band 9

IELTS Task 2 Writing

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement. To what extent do you think laws are needed to make people recycle more of their waste?

Write at least 250 words. (waste = rubbish, garbage, trash)

Certain individuals argue that there is a lack of home rubbish being recycled in the public and that the only remedy for this is to implement national regulations and fines. To what degree do you believe that people’s recycling and disposal habits need to be managed by government law?

TOPIC = Maximizing recycling in the home

Controlling idea = the requirements, especially government regulation to achieve maximizing recycling at home

What does it mean to maximize recycling in the home?

A: To reuse, reduce and recycle waste thereby minimizing the number of materials that end up in landfills. 

Why would we want to minimize domestic garbage?

A: To preserver resources and protect the environment and ultimately to ensure our way of life and survival. 

How can we achieve this goal of minimizing waste and maximizing recycling in the home?

A: raising awareness, government regulations and fines, taking responsibility for ourselves and others. 


Why may it be necessary for society to implement government regulation to maximize recycling in the home?

Because many people are irresponsible and their actions impacts all of society negatively

To create a standard structure of expectation for recycling

People are more likely to recycle

Why not just give people a chance to learn from school, tv, social media and come to their own realization that maximizing recycling is important?”

Society is running out of time to learn slowly – it needs to be done fast

*Keep in mind “universal constraints and needs of humanity” when you are thinking about your thesis points for persuasive essays – task 2 – *Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

THESIS: I strongly believe that government regulations are required to force people to increase their domestic recycling habits because of irresponsibility and time. 


(Hook) Recycling household waste is expected in society. (Background) People need to reuse, reduce and recycle their domestic rubbish not only to protect the environment but also to ensure the future prosperity of humankind. (THESIS) I strongly believe that government regulations are required to force people to increase their domestic recycling habits because of irresponsibility and time.

BODY 1 – Topic sentence – What should it include? Define the need of laws to manage irresponsibility of recycling.

Since many individuals neglect their duty to recycle a lot of rubbish, government laws are need to force them to act in the interest of themselves, the public and the planet. (Explain this – use quantitative language) Frequently, people around the world throw plastic bottles, tin cans, and glass containers into their general rubbish which should otherwise be separated into recycling bins, and authorities can make this an obligation by imposing strict, 1000-dollar fines, for those who do not separate their recyclables appropriately. (Specific example) In my neighborhood, I have seen recycling increase threefold since the Canadian government established strict laws for residents that do not recycle their waste. (Connecting sentence) This is one of two reasons that governments must regulate domestic recycling.

BODY 2 – topic 🡪 government regulation is needed because people are out of time. 

Our planet cannot cope with the rate of pollution generated by humanity and societies are running out of time to save the environment so government intervention is needed to speed up the process. (E) The rate of land, water and air pollution is extensive and is causing global warming and land, air and water pollution is rapidly increasing leading to global warming and the death of flora and fauna. Without putting a quick stop to this process the planet, and humanity along with it, suffers and dies in a matter of decades, and it is up to elected authorities to curtail this phenomena with heavy fines and consequences for those households which contribute to this problem. Example – Due to the contribution of the increased consumption and waste of domestic waste, global temperature has risen by over 1 degrees average in the last year; at this rate, humanity cannot survive another half century. When governments regulate this behavior with 1000-dollar fines they force people to change their habits within a matter of weeks rather than years. 


In conclusion, many people do not care enough about recycling and the planet is simply running out of time for humans to recycle sufficiently. Therefore, I strongly support the idea of government regulation to increase domestic recycling practices. In the end, it is better to force people to pay a fine now than to pay with their lives later in a world which can no longer sustain life.

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