IELTS Reading Section True False Not Give Question Strategy

Do you have trouble with #IELTS Reading Section, True, False, Not Given type questions?  Don’t worry, many students find this type of question one of the most challenging in the reading part. There are a few simple strategies that you can use to help you improve your accuracy and score while decreasing your stress. Here are some DOs and DONTs when solving T/F/NG questions during the IELTS:

First, you need to know that reading T/F/NG (also known as Yes, No, Not Given) before you read the passage is a bad idea! Why? Because if you read this type of question before the passage, chances are you just read lots of information which is false or not in the passage. Clearly, reading this type of information before the passage is confusing and bad for comprehension. In fact, it can even decrease your scores for other questions for that passage. So, don’t read T/F/NG questions before the passage.

Second, skimming and scanning the passage is NOT effective strategy for T/F/NG. Why? Well, how can you skim or scan for an idea that is not given? You can’t – instead you will waste a lot of valuable time before you realize it is not in the passage! So don’t do it.

Now for the strategies that can help you to get the correct answer of these tricky questions:

First, use your logic and the knowledge that you already have. This means that you should read the passage first and then look at the T/F/NG questions. Remember, the answers will be sequential with the passage. This means that the answer to the first question will come first in the passage, the second question after and the last one or two, near the end. Also remember, the IELTS is a progressive test. This means that the first few questions will be easier than the last few. So, make sure to focus on the first few questions and get them right. Don’t worry too much about the last one or two if they seem very difficult, do your best and move on.

Second, use questions to solve the answers. When you read a T/F/NG question ask yourself,
1. “Is this information important or relevant to the topic and main idea of the passage?” If “No” then the answer will most likely be ‘Not Given’ -> answer this and move on, don’t think too much

2. If the answer to the question is, “Yes, the information is relevant and important to the topic and main idea” then the answer will be either ‘True or False’ -> often you can figure out whether it’s ‘True or False’ just by common sense.

***For this strategy to work, it is important to ask full sentence questions from yourself and to practice lots at home. For more strategies for T/F/NG, also look at our video lesson on this website under your ‘My Student Account’ – IELTS HD Video Lessons

If you have any questions, just ask our experts. Good studies!

Now here is a sample passage for you to practice what you just read:


You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1. (Reading Audio – CD2 Track 5)



Positive Good or Unnecessary Wrong?


A         A lottery is a form of gambling where contestants purchase tickets, with one or more tickets being drawn as winners at the end of the competition period. Often, there is a jackpot winner who wins most or all of the prize pool. Today, national lottery jackpots can range from millions to hundreds of millions of dollars. It wasn’t long ago that lotteries were outlawed almost everywhere in the world. Today, lotteries are legal in North America, Australia, and much of Europe and Asia. A question is raised over what has changed to make something previously seen as negative for society, become common across the globe. If gambling is bad, why are lotteries so popular, and why do governments support them?


B         People buy lottery tickets for one chief reason - they want to win the jackpot. In the long run, lotteries are a “bad bet”. The odds of winning are always stacked against the player - that is to say the long-term expected return on the player’s money is significantly less than the money paid for the tickets. This is how the lottery corporations make money on the lottery – the payout is far less than the revenue of the ticket sales, and the government takes the difference. If one million tickets are sold at five dollars a piece, and the jackpot is three million dollars, then the government has made two million dollars of profit in the process. We are forced to question why lotteries are so popular given their poor value for players. It’s because of the thrill of possibly winning the jackpot - the anticipation of a life-changing win for the ticket purchaser is worth the money. It’s the same reason why people gamble at casinos. Many people know they are not going to win in the long run at a casino, but the short term thrill makes up for the long term losses.


C          The main argument against lotteries is that it acts as a tax on the poor, and such a tax is unfair. This is because statistics show that poor people are by far the most common purchasers of lottery tickets. There are two reasons why this could be the case. First, poor people have the most to gain by winning the lottery; second, poor people are arguably less likely to have a statistical understanding of the lottery – they are less likely to realize that it is a ‘bad bet’.


D         The main argument in favour of lotteries is that it is harmless fun which results in tax income that often goes straight to community programs such as sports or the arts. Many community programs rely solely on lottery finances to operate, so in this sense the lottery is a positive good. However, there are many people, often poor people, who become obsessed with gambling and the lottery, and it starts to take over their lives. For these people, the lottery is detrimental.


E          One interesting way to look at the lottery, and why people participate in it, is to imagine it as a kind of ‘reverse insurance’. People buy insurance for their home or car so that if something bad happens to it, they do not have to pay the entire cost of the damage. In other words, they pay a little bit each month so that they don’t have to pay a large amount at one time. They pay these smaller amounts to insurance companies, and those insurance companies make money in the long run. So paying insurance is not a ‘good bet’ either, just like the lottery. With the lottery, we pay “little amounts” every once in a while so that maybe we will hit the jackpot. With insurance, we pay a little to save a lot, and with the lottery, we pay a little to win a lot. When looked at in this way, the popularity of the lottery is more easily understood.


F          When it comes down to it, lotteries are a choice. Yes, they amount to a ‘tax’, but so do the monthly fees we pay to insurance companies. If people want to pay a few dollars here and there for a little fun, excitement and a small chance to win a monstrous amount of money, then what’s the harm? Additionally, lottery monies fund many valuable community programs which otherwise would have trouble operating. Playing the lottery responsibly is fun, exciting and maybe, just maybe, extremely profitable.


Questions 6-9


Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE                                     if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE                                    if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN                         if there is no information on this


6 Lotteries are outlawed almost everywhere.


7 In the long run, a person who plays the lottery should expect to lose money.


8 Lotteries are popular because they serve as a pleasurable diversion from everyday life.


9 Many people play the lottery without an understanding of its statistical background.

(For lots more help, and more practice like this, make sure to join our full course:


67 Responses to “IELTS Reading Section True False Not Give Question Strategy”

  1. Yul Fuentevilla

    I can’t access your AEhelp full course online. What should I do? My Ielts test date is fast approaching, this November! thanks.

  2. Yul Fuentevilla

    6.False,paragraph A 4th sentence.7 True,paragraph B last sentence 8. Not given, additional info. 9 True,paragraph E last 2 sentences.

  3. Carl Fountainville

    I can open the Video lessons as well as Audio CD but these items don’t work when I click the ‘play’ button. Are these materials part of $15 I paid? thanks!

  4. prakash satya

    hi aehelp,

    had given the IELTS test, required 6 individual & 6.5 is must overall but not reached to the requirement. i had scored 5.5 overall ( L- 6, R-5.5, W-5, S- 5). i was depressed with my performance. once again i want to appear IELTS in march’2015 . i don’t want to give up . . i have to reach AUS in coming intake July. .pls guide me how to reach my requirement.

  5. prakash satya


    is any difference in between practice test topics which are available in your full online course & AEHELP practice test subscription ?

  6. prakash satya

    hi aehelp,

    can you make me confidence on how to achieve 7 in speaking module, 7.5 in listening module, 6.5 in reading module, 7 in writing module. i have only 3 months left for IELTS exam. am bit scared because in 1st time appearance i was failed to cross 6 in every module, just hanged on 5 in individual modules. pls help me regarding. .

  7. prakash satya

    now only query is about writing task 1 & 2 editing service. when i approached to submit my task 1 , before it is asking to pay payment. truly to say for us it is too much money, we cant pay that much.

    & is there any alternative way to submit my answers to you without any money ? ?

  8. Miral sarvakar

    Hi, I have only 10 days left for the exam and I am not confident about my reading and writing can you please help with some important tips so I can maximize my score.

    • prem pokhrel

      When is ur test?? Do u reckon this websites helpin u to improve ur score??

  9. Aysha Almazrouai

    It is really do strategy I solve the question and it much the correct answer with the above comments
    Tanks a lot

  10. Anupama Gautam

    Dear Aeadmin,
    I have been preparing for IELTS since couple of months. I will be writing my test in the first week of July. I have been following a rigorous schedule to score 6.5 in each band. Despite this, I found the Reading part most difficult among four. I always struggle to manage time for it.
    Could you please help me out to get good score and relevant tips for Reading.

  11. minh nguyen

    why question 8 is not given. i think it should be false because the reason given is different from that in the text

  12. khursheed ahmed

    I need to score 7 bands in each skill and I will be siting in the exams for the first time in couple of month time. I just started my preparations. Speaking and writing are the two most challenging skills for me. Can you please guide me how to improve speaking and writing. I am more concerned about the grammatical mistakes i do make in writing and fluency in my speaking. Please if you can guide me how to improve vocab, that will be great help for me both in writing and speaking.

  13. Rosy arora

    I need to score 7 bands in each skill and I will be siting in the exams for the first time in couple of month time. I just started my preparations. Speaking and writing are the two most challenging skills for me. Can you please guide me how to improve speaking and writing. I am more concerned about the grammatical mistakes i do make in writing and fluency in my speaking. Please if you can guide me how to improve vocab, that will be great help for me both in writing and speaking.

    • aeadmin

      Hi Hiba, You got the last answer correct. The rest are wrong. Go back and see why. Continue practicing the strategy and you will surely get better. Good studies.

    • aeadmin

      Hi Anjalika, You got 1 correct from 4 (the NG). Continue to apply the taught strategy and surely you will improve. Keep up the good studies

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.